Becoming a US Forest Service firefighter is not easy. You need to be fit, strong, cooperative, and ready to face hard and changing situations. 

Yet, it also offers many rewards, such as the opportunity to work in some of the most beautiful places in the country, and to make a difference for the environment and the people.

In this article, we will help you answer the questions of How to become a US Forest Service firefighter. We will also give you some advice and help to get ready for this fun and amazing career.

1. Meet the Basic Requirements

To be eligible for a US Forest Service firefighter job, you must meet the following basic requirements:

  • Be a U.S. citizen or U.S. national.
  • If you are a male born after 12/31/59, you must be Selective Service registered or exempt.
  • Meet Interagency Fire Program Management (IFPM) qualifications for the position you are applying for. 
  • Take the required Work Capacity Test (WCT), also known as the pack test. The WCT is a physical fitness test that measures your ability to perform wildland firefighting tasks. It consists of walking 3 miles with a 45-pound pack in 45 minutes or less. You must pass the WCT before you can be hired as a US Forest Service firefighter.
  • Have a valid driver’s license.
  • Pass a drug test with negative results.

2. Apply for a Job

where to find firefighter jobs

The US Forest Service hires wildland firefighters at different times of the year, depending on the location and the fire season. To apply for a job, you need to follow these steps:

  • Visit USA Jobs, the official website for federal government jobs.
  • Type in “wildland firefighter” in the “Keywords” box.
  • Filter your search by location, agency, salary range, etc.
  • Click “Search” to see a list of current job openings.
  • Read the job description carefully and make sure you meet the qualifications and requirements for the position you are interested in.
  • Follow the instructions on how to apply online. You will need to create an account on USA Jobs, upload your resume and supporting documents, answer some questions, and submit your application.
  • Check your application status regularly on USA Jobs. You may also receive email notifications from the hiring agency.

3. Prepare for the Interview

If your application is accepted, you may be contacted by the hiring agency for an interview. The interview is an important part of the hiring process, as it allows the agency to assess your skills, knowledge, personality, and fit for the job. To prepare for the interview, you should:

  • Review your resume and application materials. Be ready to talk about your education, experience, achievements, and goals for wildland firefighting.
  • Learn about the agency and the job you want. Find out what they do, why they do it, how they do it, when they started, what they are like, etc. You can go to their website, social media pages, or other online places to get useful information.
  • Prepare some questions to ask the interviewer. This shows your interest and enthusiasm for the job and the agency. You can ask about their expectations, challenges, opportunities, training program, work environment, etc.
  • Get better at your interview skills. You can use online places, books, or friends and family to help you practice saying common interview answers and situations for wildland firefighting. You can also practice how you move, look, talk, and feel confident.
  • Wear nice and professional clothes for the interview. You don’t need to wear a suit or a dress, but you should not wear casual or messy clothes.
  • Be on time or early for the interview. Bring your resume, application materials, ID documents, and any other things that the agency may need.

4. Complete the Training Program

training is important for a firefighter

To be a US Forest Service firefighter, you will need to do a training program before you can work on the fire line. The training program has both classroom and field sessions that teach you things like how fire works, how to put out fire, how to be safe, how fire affects nature, how fire is managed, how to work with others, how to talk, how to use equipment, and more. The training program may be different depending on your job, place, and agency, but it usually takes several weeks or months.

During the training program, you will also need to obtain an Incident Qualification Card (IQ Card), also known as a red card. The IQ Card is a document that certifies your qualifications and skills for various wildland firefighting positions and tasks. To obtain an IQ Card, you must:

  • Complete the required courses and exams for your position. You can find the list of courses and exams on the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) website.
  • Pass the WCT annually.
  • Prove your performance in the field under the supervision of a qualified evaluator.
  • You must keep your IQ Card updated and valid throughout your career as a US Forest Service firefighter. You can also upgrade your IQ Card by completing extra courses and exams and gaining more experience in different positions and tasks.

5. Advance Your Career

As a US Forest Service firefighter, you can grow your career by taking on more responsibility and facing more challenges. You can try applying for higher jobs in the agency, like leader, manager, fire officer, etc. You can also move to other places or agencies in the government, like the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), the National Park Service (NPS), the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), or the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).

To advance your career as a US Forest Service firefighter, you should:

  • Maintain your physical fitness and health since you will need to pass the WCT every year.
  • Update your skills and knowledge. You should keep learning new things and improving your abilities in fire behavior, fire suppression, fire ecology, fire management, etc. You can take online courses, attend workshops, read books, watch videos, or join professional associations to improve your learning.
  • Gain more experience and exposure. You can learn more by dealing with different kinds of fires and situations. You should also make friends with other fire workers and leaders from different places.
  • Keep studying. You may think about getting a certificate, or a degree in fire science or similar fields. This can help you know more and have more skills for your career growth.


Becoming a US Forest Service firefighter is a challenging but rewarding career path. You need to have physical fitness, mental strength, teamwork skills, and a passion for protecting nature and people from wildfires. You also need to work hard and study constantly to grow as a firefighter.
If you are ready to take on this challenge, don’t hold back. Follow these steps and tips on how to become a US Forest Service firefighter to make a positive impact!


We call him our tech nerd. You will enjoy his articles about AI, electronics, technology, etc. But more importantly, Hai Long is a passionate lover of plant life, forests, and ecosystems. He has no formal qualifications in the field, but we found him a great match for our blog. Hai Long has always been intrigued by the complexity of ecosystems, particularly forests. Over the years, he has explored various terrains, developing an understanding of the interactions between plants and their surroundings. Hai Long chose to join the Tenereteam blog to share his enthusiasm and knowledge with others.

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